Handbooks of Research on International Political Economy series
Edited by Alessandro Bonanno and Lawrence Busch
Chapter 10: An overview of Spanish agriculture in the 21st century
In order to understand the changes that have taken place in Spanish agriculture, as with any other economic sector, it is important to consider two aspects beforehand: the objectives towards which it is directed and the perspective adopted by the analyst. The evolution of the agricultural sector can be analyzed from several perspectives and with different objectives in mind: from a business perspective (obtaining a profit for those who have invested their capital); from an economic perspective (obtaining a food supply that enables the sector to match the rest of the economy); or from a social perspective (an active, dynamic, and sustainable rural sector with a population that enjoys a decent standard of living). According to conventional economic theory, all of these objectives would be achieved by market forces automatically and simultaneously. However, it is well known that this is not the case and that these objectives may even be contradictory, hence the importance of knowing the specific objectives behind this process of evolution.
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