Market Structure, Sustainability and Decision Making
NECTAR Series on Transportation and Communications Networks Research
Edited by Thomas Vanoutrive and Ann Verhetsel
Chapter 8: Modelling the extended gateway concept in port hinterland container logistics
Port hinterland container logistics is the process of planning, organizing and controlling the multimodal flows of maritime containers and the irrelated information between gateway seaports and inland locations. It also includes the planning, design, implementation and organization of public and private infrastructure, as well as regulatory issues affecting the competitiveness and sustainability of distribution operations. Optimization of port hinterland container logistics is crucial to meet rising international trade demand and the challenges related to sustainable development. Inefficient hinterland connections undermine the competitiveness both of seaports and of the wider regional logistics and productive systems the seaports belong to, while leading to increased internal and external costs of supply chains. The steady growth in container traffic worldwide is putting great pressure on maritime terminals and port hinterland networks, particularly road networks surrounding the major port cities. A critical challenge many container ports are currently facing is the congestion due to insufficient storage space, long dwell times and poor inland transport. This generates a need for innovative landside intermodal distribution solutions essentially based on the combination of different transport modes and interchange nodes.
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