Smart Transport Networks

Smart Transport Networks

Market Structure, Sustainability and Decision Making

NECTAR Series on Transportation and Communications Networks Research

Edited by Thomas Vanoutrive and Ann Verhetsel

Transport is debated by many, and liberalization processes, transport policy, transport and climate change and increased competition between transport modes are the subject of heated discussion. Smart Transport Networks illustrates that whether concerning road, water, rail or air, knowledge on the structure of transport markets is crucial in order to tackle transport issues. The book therefore explores key factors concerning the structure of transport markets, their environmental impact, and questions why decision makers often fail to tackle transport-related problems.

Chapter 12: Stakeholder bias in multi-actor multi-criteria transportation evaluation: issues and solutions

Cathy Macharis and Peter Nijkamp

Subjects: economics and finance, public sector economics, transport, urban and regional studies, transport

Extract

Evaluating and deciding on transport projects is often the background for much debate, controversy and disagreement. Transport project plans can range from infrastructural projects to implementation projects of road pricing or the choice between different transport technologies. Since different points of view have to be brought together – usually from the perspective of sustainable development – distinct evaluation aspects have to be taken into account simultaneously and able to cope with difficult valuations. Furthermore, there are planning issues where several levels of public policy may be involved (local, provincial, regional, state, or European). Decision making in the transport sector normally comprises a number of stakeholders (such as freight forwarders, investors, citizens, industry and so on) who have a vested interest in the ultimate decision. Failure to take these interests into account may lead to a neglect of the evaluation study by policy makers or even to countervailing reactions by the stakeholders (Walker, 2000). Against this background, Multi-Actor Multi-Criteria Analysis (MAMCA) is a suitable tool for the evaluation of transport projects (Macharis, 2000; Macharis et al., 2009). It allows us to incorporate explicitly the aims and views of the actors involved, and to structure the manifold dimensions of transport projects.

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