Table of Contents

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Heterodox Economics

Handbook of Research Methods and Applications in Heterodox Economics

Handbooks of Research Methods and Applications series

Edited by Frederic S. Lee and Bruce Cronin

Despite the important critiques of the mainstream offered by heterodox economics, the dominant method remains econometrics. This major new Handbook provides an invaluable introduction to a range of alternative research methods better suited for analysing the social data prominent in heterodox research projects, including survey, historical, ethnographic, experimental, and mixed approaches, together with factor, cluster, complex, and social network analytics. Introductions to each method are complemented by descriptions of applications in practice.

Chapter 6: Using survey methods in heterodox economic research

Tiago Cardão-Pito

Subjects: economics and finance, history of economic thought, methodology of economics, post-keynesian economics, radical and feminist economics, research methods, research methods in economics


Survey methods aim at gathering and interpreting information about a specific population under study. These methods are rarely conducted in mainstream economic research. Fortunately, they are relatively more common in heterodox economic research. When properly implemented, they offer a productive framework to test and make inferences about concrete economic claims in actual populations. As survey methods allow studying real people, they provide effective research instruments. These methodologies can be used to question mainstream economic propositions and also to make new discoveries, formulate new concepts and theories, and test existing theories in heterodox economics. After contextualizing survey studies, and describing several heterodox economic papers that have used these methodologies, this chapter informs about key questions in research employing survey methods, such as: designing and planning the study, the population_sample relationship, the art of crafting survey questions, the psychology of answering questions, the most-used methods for data collection (mail-based, internet, telephone, and face-to-face based surveys), the survey response rate, the problem of non-response, and the analysis and reporting of findings.

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