Table of Contents

National Innovation Systems, Social Inclusion and Development

National Innovation Systems, Social Inclusion and Development

The Latin American Experience

Edited by Gabriela Dutrénit and Judith Sutz

The book has a strong theoretical foundation with empirical illustrations from diverse Latin American countries. As a whole, it offers a comprehensive exploration of the foundations of the theory of National Innovation Systems. The authors explore the particular problems that many Latin American countries have faced when trying to build innovation systems associated with development strategies, particularly those that take into account social inclusion.

Introduction to national innovation systems, social inclusion and development

Gabriela Dutrénit and Judith Sutz

Subjects: development studies, development economics, economics and finance, development economics, economics of innovation, innovation and technology, economics of innovation


Drawing on the seminal works of Freeman (1987), Lundvall (1992) and Nelson (1993), a vast literature on systems of innovation has flourished in recent years, using both a theoretical and an empirical approach. This has allowed the gradual strengthening of the concept. The theoretical path of construction has moved from the application of the concept nationwide to sectors and technologies, to regional and local levels, and then a new loop towards an enriched national focus. The approach of the national system of innovation (NSI) centres on actors, institutions and their relationships, and contributes to a better understanding both of the intrinsic dynamics of innovation as well as its connections with development processes. Most of the existing literature worldwide analyses the institutional structures associated with the NSI, concentrating attention on their adequacy for generating an increase in innovative performance and competitiveness. This leads to the generation of science, technology and innovation (STI) policies that focus on improving innovation.