Subnational Partnerships for Sustainable Development

Subnational Partnerships for Sustainable Development

Transatlantic Cooperation between the United States and Germany

New Horizons in Environmental Politics series

Holley Andrea Ralston

This fascinating volume examines the recent increase in subnational environmental policy agreements between different countries, with a particular focus on Germany and the US. Holley Ralston explores why international environmental partnerships are forming at the state level and the factors that both aid and inhibit their long-term success.

Chapter 8: California and North Rhine-Westphalia (2004)

Holley Andrea Ralston

Subjects: environment, environmental governance and regulation, environmental politics and policy, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy


On 17 November 2004, in Sacramento, the Chairman of the California Air Resources Board (CARB), Dr Alan Lloyd, and the Minister of the Ministry of Transport, Energy and Spatial Planning of North RhineñWestphalia (NRW), Dr Axel Horstmann, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to ëhelp accelerate the development of hydrogen and fuel cells [technology worldwide] and foster greater links between NRW and Californiaí (CARB and MESP, 2004). The agreementís mechanisms included: ënetworking; information exchange and establishment of partnerships between the parties; research and science collaboration; consistent codes and standards; demonstration of fuel cell and hydrogen technologies; and education of . . . respective public and business on the benefits of hydrogen and fuel cellsí (CARB and MESP, 2004). The rationale for this match-up was that both states have high-level aims regarding hydrogen and fuel cells. Moreover, both are leaders in the development and advancement of this technology: California is a ëleading contributor to the international progress of hydrogen and fuel cellsí and NRW ëis a well-known locationí for such technologies in Europe. The drive to be such leaders was because it would result in potential environmental, economic, security and societal benefits, including ëa sustainable economic development and the creation of export markets for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies, an increasing independence of fossil fuels, cleaner air, lower health care costs, reduced GHGs [greenhouse gases] as well as a sustainable developmentí (CARB and MESP, 2004).

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information