Transatlantic Cooperation between the United States and Germany
New Horizons in Environmental Politics series
Chapter 9: Analysis and implications
This book aimed to establish some generalizations about the environmental partnerships that began emerging in the 1990s between US and German states based on the following questions: What are the common driving factors leading to US and German states forming environmental partnerships? What are the results of the arrangements? What supports and hinders such partnerships in the implementation process? Finally, what are the roles that these innovative USñGerman environmental partnerships at the subnational level play in global environmental governance for sustainable development in a multi-level system? The partnerships came about in part because of structural changes in the international system, in which a multi-level governance system within which subnational-level governments, including US states and German L‰nder, play a larger role in environmental and particularly economic areas has arisen. States and L‰nder have acquired larger roles in reference to their respective national governments and the international sustainable development agenda in these two areas. Within these structural changes, the executive branch of the states gained the primary role when it comes to international activities. There were coercive pressures to act and form the partnerships.
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