Handbooks of Research on International Political Economy series
Edited by Kees van der Pijl
Chapter 3: Innovation policies and the competition state: the case of nanotechnology
Technological development has always been the linchpin and the driver of human development in general, and of profit-driven, market-based economies in particular. For this reason, states give special attention to technology research and development (R & D) policies. However, the form of technology R & D policies has changed. (West) Germany, for example, started large-scale technological programmes like nuclear technology, aerospace technology, data processing technology and micro-technology at the end of the 1950s. At that time, technology R & D policies were mostly planned top-down. After the 1980s, however, technology R & D policies became increasingly understood as generic innovation policies to support the capacity of firms to compete internationally. Simultaneously, technology R & D policies were reoriented from large-scale technologies and top-down programmes (although these still exist) towards incentive-driven, flexible and bottom-up ones. These changes mirror the transition from Fordism to the post-Fordist era and the transformation of the nation-state towards a ‘competition state’.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.