Edited by Henriette Sinding Aasen, Siri Gloppen, Anne-Mette Magnussen and Even Nilssen
Chapter 2: Activation policies and proceduralization of law in Britain, Denmark and Norway
The constitution of the modern welfare state has entailed a change in the role of law in society. Social law has become a significant political instrument for obtaining social goals. The welfare state has been associated with processes such as bureaucratization, professionalization and materialization of public law (Habermas 1996; Teubner 1986). In many countries, people have gained various types of individual social rights such as old age, unemployment and disability benefits, education, social assistance and health care, although the structure and scale of social rights vary significantly between types of welfare states (see Esping-Andersen 1990; Magnussen and Nilssen 2013). The welfare state has traditionally been understood as a regulating and redistributional state, oriented toward correcting the dysfunctional effects of the market economy (Nilssen and Kildal 2009). In the mid 1990s, however, Europe was experiencing an acute crisis, with high unemployment rates, adverse demographic conditions, transformations of household structures and external threats such as intensified international competition (Lopez-Santana 2006, p._481). Most European countries questioned the sustainability of their welfare states under such conditions. In general, this has caused a closer connection between social policy, employment policy and general economic policy (Ervik et al. 2009). Social policy has become strongly attached to labor market policy (Nilssen and Kildal 2009). In this chapter, I pursue these legal–institutional changes in three European countries: Britain, Denmark and Norway. These countries have different traditions in the field of active labor market policy and belong to different welfare regimes (social democratic and liberal welfare regimes; Esping-Andersen 1990).
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.