Edited by Henriette Sinding Aasen, Siri Gloppen, Anne-Mette Magnussen and Even Nilssen
Chapter 5: The activation line in social security and social assistance law: a human rights perspective
Caitlin Reilly graduated from Birmingham University in June 2010 with a BSc in geology. Unable to find paid employment within her field of study, she claimed UK Jobseekers’ allowance from August 2010. In November, she was offered and accepted a paid work experience placement at a museum, where she continued voluntary work after the paid placement had expired. In October 2011, she was advised to attend a six-week training scheme for ‘retail sales assistants.’ According to her statement, she was told by her Public Employment Service advisor that she risked losing her allowance if she did not participate. Ms Reilly also stated that the ‘training’ was of no value, and that it soon became apparent that she would be working instead of training ( EWHC 2292 (Admin) §§_91–105). Caitlin Reilly lodged a lawsuit, claiming inter alia that her workfare scheme violated the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), Article 4 on forced labor. Willingness to undertake gainful employment when able to do so has always been a condition for receiving social welfare benefits. However, work-line policies have been enhanced during recent decades. In the 1990s, concern for the sustainability of the welfare state grew in many European countries. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) developed a set of policy guidelines, the 1994 Job Strategy, urging states to reform their employment services and to stimulate growth with incentives to make work pay (OECD 2006, Annex I).
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.