Table of Contents

Research Handbook of Employment Relations in Sport

Research Handbook of Employment Relations in Sport

Research Handbooks in Business and Management series

Edited by Michael Barry, James Skinner and Terry Engelberg

Employment relations, much discussed in other industries, has often been neglected in professional sports despite its unique characteristics. The book aims to explore in detail the unique nature of the employment relationship in professional sports and the sport industry.

Chapter 16: Similarities and differences between competitive balance and uncertainty of outcome: a simple comparison of recent history in the NBA and NFL

Rodney Paul and Andrew Weinbach

Subjects: business and management, human resource management, economics and finance, sports


The terms competitive balance and uncertainty of outcome are often used interchangeably, but their methods of calculation are distinct. Competitive balance is typically measured ex post, while uncertainty of outcome is measured ex ante. We compare the differences and similarities in these measures by using recent data on the NBA and NFL. The two measures are found to be closely related in the NBA, but are quite different in the NFL. While competitive balance was shown to worsen in the NFL, uncertainty of outcome has remained generally unchanged. This illustrates the importance of understanding which measure consumers actually use when making decisions.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information