Research Handbooks in Business and Management series
Edited by Michael Barry, James Skinner and Terry Engelberg
Professional sport is subject to complex patterns of migration. These shift over a period of time, with different sports in specific countries importing playing talent from a variety of countries and regions. As greater distinctions have emerged between the commercial value of markets in a range of sports between countries, sporting rules providing player quotas based on nationality have emerged as a ‘protectionist’ mechanism to restrict supply and demand of players. These are of course in addition to legal rules that restrict immigration on the basis of nationality through visa requirements. Historically, UEFA’s (the Union of European Football Associations) 3+2 rule, which operated in the early 1990s, provided a good example of the imposition of a player quota system in professional football. This rule restricted the number of foreign players, that is, players who were not nationals of the domestic leagues in which they played, who could be included on a team-sheet in a UEFA competition to three. An additional two foreign players could be included if they had played in a country for an uninterrupted period of five years. Such players were deemed to be assimilated into the relevant domestic league.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.