Chapter 7: Feminism
Historic differences in livelihoods, work roles and the access to resources lead to differences in how women and men are exposed to and impacted by climate change. Policymakers and civil society groups have come to realize that gender matters in the governance of climate issues and there is an emerging scholarship in this field. However, the attention is mainly on women, rather than on gender, for example by demonstrating sex differences in the impacts of climate change and by highlighting the vulnerability of women in the South. When gender is equated with women being vulnerable or virtuous, it conceals power relations and cements simple gender binaries. This is unfortunate, as climate governance would benefit from theorizing gender power relations. The aim of this chapter is to show how feminist critical theories that focus on gender as a power relationship can shed light on how power is implicated in climate governance and expressed in material as well as normative ways in governance institutions and practices. The chapter is based on a review of the scholarly literature and of climate governance in Scandinavia, the EU and the UN.
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