Table of Contents

Research Handbook on Climate Governance

Research Handbook on Climate Governance

Edited by Karin Bäckstrand and Eva Lövbrand

The 2009 United Nations climate conference in Copenhagen is often represented as a watershed in global climate politics, when the diplomatic efforts to negotiate a successor agreement to the Kyoto Protocol failed and was replaced by a fragmented and decentralized climate governance order. In the post-Copenhagen landscape the top-down universal approach to climate governance has gradually given way to a more complex, hybrid and dispersed political landscape involving multiple actors, arenas and sites. The Handbook contains contributions from more than 50 internationally leading scholars and explores the latest trends and theoretical developments of the climate governance scholarship.

Chapter 14: Transnationalism

Klaus Dingwerth and Jessica F. Green

Subjects: environment, climate change, environmental governance and regulation, environmental politics and policy, politics and public policy, environmental governance and regulation


Conventional wisdom holds that global collective action problems such as climate change require global cooperation. Accordingly, the Kyoto Protocol, governing carbon emissions, has long been viewed as the ‘only game in town.’ But as progress on international negotiations has slowed, non-state actors have developed a broad range of transnational regulations. In this chapter we focus on these activities and examine how different forms of transnational climate governance interact with multilateral governance. We argue that these interactions are not simply random, but can be classified into different types, many of which can further intergovernmental policy. In sum, transnational climate governance inserts greater flexibility into global climate governance; at the same time the coordination of the plethora of transnational regulatory activities pose a challenge.

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