Chapter 22: NGOs
This chapter argues that non-governmental organizations (NGOs) play three distinct but overlapping roles in global climate governance. NGOs are defined as non-profit organizations that are independent of government, do not advocate violence and seek to advance public goals. As activists, they raise public awareness and put pressure on governments, corporations and local communities to take more aggressive steps to reduce their carbon footprint or adapt to the impacts of climate change. In recent years, the climate justice movement has employed contentious politics to advance a more radical activist agenda calling for broad structural changes to the global economy. As diplomats, NGOs represent constituencies bound together by common values, knowledge or interests and work closely with governments to craft specific policies for climate action. As global governors, many NGOs take it upon themselves to steer society toward a low-carbon future by creating new forms of NGO-led governance.
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