Table of Contents

Research Handbook on Climate Governance

Research Handbook on Climate Governance

Edited by Karin Bäckstrand and Eva Lövbrand

The 2009 United Nations climate conference in Copenhagen is often represented as a watershed in global climate politics, when the diplomatic efforts to negotiate a successor agreement to the Kyoto Protocol failed and was replaced by a fragmented and decentralized climate governance order. In the post-Copenhagen landscape the top-down universal approach to climate governance has gradually given way to a more complex, hybrid and dispersed political landscape involving multiple actors, arenas and sites. The Handbook contains contributions from more than 50 internationally leading scholars and explores the latest trends and theoretical developments of the climate governance scholarship.

Chapter 29: The city

Vladimir Janković

Subjects: environment, climate change, environmental governance and regulation, environmental politics and policy, politics and public policy, environmental governance and regulation

Abstract

This chapter explores past and contemporary practices developed to reduce climatic stress in urban areas. The concept of urban climate design captures a set of measures advanced to mitigate adverse atmospheric effects of growth, morphology and socio-economic metabolism in urban areas. Such measures have traditionally relied on empirically-intensive studies of urban micro-meteorologies and sometimes deployed to tackle problems that stemmed from local, highly specific characteristics of cities’ form and function, such as air pollution or urban heat island. It is argued that such organic, targeted approached deserve more recognition in current strategies to address cities’ climatic futures, most of which gloss over the realistic possibilities and local differences and promote top-down, generic fixes that have little basis in local context. Using results from a project fieldwork, the chapter looks at the potential benefits of urban climate governance based on the existing micro-meteorological traditions that may be act as helpful correctives in conventional thinking about cities in climate change.

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