Chapter 17: Multiple-winner voting rules
This chapter is concerned with explaining and evaluating voting rules that might be used when the outcome of a vote will be the selection of multiple winners. The rules that are discussed are: ● the single non-transferable vote (SNTV); ● plurality-at-large voting; ● limited voting; ● cumulative voting; ● two versions of proportional representation by party lists (party-list PR); ● three versions of proportional representation by the single transferable vote (STV); ● a hybrid of STV and party-list PR. The qualities in terms of which the rules are evaluated are: ● the ease of understanding the rules; ● the ease of voting; ● the ease of counting the election; ● the likely representativeness of the elected candidates; ● the ability of the rules to minimize the role of strategy in voting. The meanings and relevance of the first three qualities are obvious.
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