Table of Contents

Global Environmental Law at a Crossroads

Global Environmental Law at a Crossroads

The IUCN Academy of Environmental Law series

Edited by Robert V. Percival, Jolene Lin and William Piermattei

This timely volume considers the future of environmental law and governance in the aftermath of the "Rio+20" conference. An international set of expert contributors begin by addressing a range of governance concepts that can be used to address environmental problems. The book then provides a survey of key environmental challenges across the globe, before finally giving an assessment of possible governance models for the future.

Chapter 6: Land grabbing and food security in Ethiopia: the dilemmas of sustainable development

Mekete Bekele Tekle

Subjects: environment, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law, public international law

Extract

Many African countries, including those with severe food security problems, would like to pretend that they can feed their people and far beyond. Despite its remarkable dedication and concerted efforts to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), Ethiopia is still suffering from a chronic food security problem where millions of its people are annually threatened with famine. The problems of food security in the country are aggravated as a result of the current scramble by foreign investors to acquire its farmlands to ensure their own food and energy security and to make a profit. Foreign investors are engaged in the production of crops intended for their home countries’ consumption and the growing of plants for their biofuel projects. This chapter will discuss how environmental law and policy in Ethiopia have fared in solving food security problems. The conditions of farmland lease agreements in Ethiopia could aptly be described as ‘land grabbing’ facilitated by the state. Some of the investors in the farmlands have openly stated that the land lease deals were so unbelievably cheap as to represent a ‘throw-away price’. Ethiopia is known for its long history of statehood. About 80 per cent of its people live in the rural areas and depends on agricultural activities for their livelihood.

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