Table of Contents

Handbook on Medical Tourism and Patient Mobility

Handbook on Medical Tourism and Patient Mobility

Edited by Neil Lunt, Daniel Horsfall and Johanna Hanefeld

The growth of international travel for purposes of medical treatment has been accompanied by increased academic research and analysis. This Handbook explores the emergence of medical travel and patient mobility and the implications for patients and health systems. Bringing together leading scholars and analysts from across the globe, this unprecedented Handbook examines the regional and national experiences of medical tourism, including coverage of the Americas, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. The chapters explore topics on issues of risk, law and ethics; and include treatment-focused discussions which highlight patient decision-making, patient experience and treatment outcomes for cosmetic, transplantation, dentil, fertility and bariatric treatment.

Chapter 46: Outcomes and medical tourism

Neil Lunt and Daniel Horsfall

Subjects: economics and finance, health policy and economics, politics and public policy, public policy, social policy and sociology, health policy and economics


Medical tourism is an intimate clinical encounter, involving diagnosis and treatment, aiming at the achievement of a successful outcome. In focusing on outcomes there are a number of different themes relating to organisation and delivery of medical tourism, including the opaqueness of numbers and the epidemiology of medical travellers, the different motivations of medical tourists, the role of private sector providers, regulation, monitoring and reporting, and the internet in marketing medical tourism. The chapter is structured in three parts. First, it introduces the context of outcomes for treatments and discusses conceptual and technical difficulty. Second, it examines the evidence base around medical tourism outcomes to identify what we know about the results of treatment abroad. Third, it discusses the findings of an empirical study exploring the treatment outcomes of a sample of patients who had travelled from the UK for treatment abroad.

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