Edited by Frederick M. Abbott, Carlos M. Correa and Peter Drahos
Chapter 1: Emerging markets and the world patent order: The forces of change
The world is always changing. The international system for the regulation of patents reflects these changes. The world of the 1870s and 1880s when the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property was negotiated, the world of the 1970s when developed and developing countries clashed over a New International Economic Order, the world of the late 1980s and early 1990s when the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) was negotiated, and the world of 2013 each present a unique historical context. In this book, we do not intend to recap the historical development of the international patent system, including its relationship to the multilateral system for the regulation of trade. Instead we intend to focus on the world of today and the forces that are influencing the evolution of the international patent system. In particular, our focus is on the influence of the so-called “emerging market” economies.