Research Handbooks in Intellectual Property series
Edited by Christophe Geiger
Human rights, copyright, and disability: individually each of these systems has something to say about culture, cultural activity and access to culture. Collectively, what do they say about access to, and participation in, culture by persons with disabilities? And what does this suggest for the wider relationship between intellectual property (IP), human rights and other legal fields? At international policy-making level, disability and human rights converged from 1994, and copyright and human rights in 2005 (or depending on the perspective taken, from 1966). It was only however in 2013 that copyright, human rights and disability came together in a potentially meaningful way in a measure dealing with access to cultural works. This was in a Treaty concluded under the auspices of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). The Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled (Marrakesh Treaty) facilitates the making available of literary and artistic works to people with visual impairments. The political, legal, economic and social challenges faced by the negotiators of this Treaty echo those that have characterised disability, copyright and human rights for many years, and have also been intensified because of the bringing together of the often opposing interests from the three domains.
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