The Economic and Legal Effectiveness of the European Union’s Anti-Money Laundering Policy

The Economic and Legal Effectiveness of the European Union’s Anti-Money Laundering Policy

Brigitte Unger, Joras Ferwerda, Melissa van den Broek and Ioana Deleanu

Official government policies against money laundering in the EU have been in place for roughly 25 years, after much concerted effort and a great deal of time and money invested. This volume examines the anti-money laundering policy of the EU Member States in connection to the threat of money laundering they face.

Chapter 6: Definitions of money laundering in practice

Joras Ferwerda

Subjects: economics and finance, economic crime and corruption, financial economics and regulation, money and banking, law - academic, corruption and economic crime, european law, finance and banking law


Although the FATF 40 Recommendations, the Third Directive, and other international conventions all require various essential elements of money laundering to be criminalized, there remains a considerable divergence between the criminal provisions in the Member States in practice. This chapter reveals numerous significant differences between EU Member States in the definitions of money laundering in practice and classify them accordingly.

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