The Economic and Legal Effectiveness of the European Union’s Anti-Money Laundering Policy

The Economic and Legal Effectiveness of the European Union’s Anti-Money Laundering Policy

Brigitte Unger, Joras Ferwerda, Melissa van den Broek and Ioana Deleanu

Official government policies against money laundering in the EU have been in place for roughly 25 years, after much concerted effort and a great deal of time and money invested. This volume examines the anti-money laundering policy of the EU Member States in connection to the threat of money laundering they face.

Chapter 10: Collection of statistics

Joras Ferwerda

Subjects: economics and finance, economic crime and corruption, financial economics and regulation, money and banking, law - academic, corruption and economic crime, european law, finance and banking law


Statistics on AML policy can be classified into two types: input statistics, which are the resources invested in AML policy like the budget of the FIU and other relevant institutions, and output statistics, which are the result of the AML policy, such as the reports disclosed to the FIU and the number of prosecutions and convictions for money laundering. It is very hard to use output statistics as an actual indicator for AML policy, because an increase in the number of reports can be the result of a greater anti-money laundering effort or an increase in the amount of money laundering. In this chapter we explore to which extent the differences in statistics between EU Member States can be explained. Moreover, these data form the basis for a cluster analysis, which shows that in terms of AML policy the 27 EU Member States consist of four groups which have their own distinct characteristics.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information