Collective Knowledge Management

Collective Knowledge Management

Foundations of International Business in the Age of Intellectual Capitalism

New Horizons in International Business series

Haruo H. Horaguchi

Human beings create knowledge as a result of interaction with others. This book is devoted to the idea that collective knowledge management can be strategically promoted through these interactions in order to enhance a firm’s competitiveness.

Chapter 5: Local knowledge

Haruo H. Horaguchi

Subjects: asian studies, asian business, business and management, asia business, international business, knowledge management, strategic management


The key to differentiating between shared knowledge, symbiotic knowledge and local knowledge is found in seeing whether they possess the attribute of "purposefulness". In the case of shared knowledge, the number of participants is limited. The ones who participate in the suggestion system at Toyota's factory are limited to the employees of Toyota. In this sense, it is purposeful. Even in the case of symbiotic knowledge, we see people gathering, who were invited or urged by a coordinator to participate for a specific purpose. In the case of symbiotic knowledge what emerges is not as clear as in the case of shared knowledge, but there is a common recognition as to what it attempts to produce. In such a way, creating symbiotic knowledge is also a "purposeful" activity. Local knowledge is knowledge that is rooted in a local area, but is supported by people who do not necessarily gather for a specific purpose. Therefore, even though local knowledge is endorsed by local people, there is no coercion to create it. In this sense, local knowledge is not purposeful. As mentioned in Chapter 2 of this book, local knowledge is conveyed by agglomerate strategy. Accordingly, local knowledge is a process of knowledge that emerges from industrial agglomeration. The local knowledge emerging from specific local communities form processes of knowledge that support next-generation industrial clusters.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information