Innovation Systems for Development

Innovation Systems for Development

Making Research and Innovation in Developing Countries Matter

Edited by Bo Göransson, Claes Brundenius and Carlos Aguirre-Bastos

The rise and expansion of organized scientific research has led individuals to become accustomed to an unceasing delivery of new scientific results and technical improvements that resolve even seemingly unsolvable problems. This timely book examines how science-based research and innovation is designed, implemented and applied in developing countries in support of development and poverty alleviation. The expert contributors trace and compare the emergence of national innovation systems (NIS) in four developing countries – Bolivia, Mozambique, Tanzania and Vietnam. Dedicated chapters on each country identify the main structural and organizational problems for improving the relevance and quality of research output for the productive sector, and conclude by offering suggestions on how the process of applying research outputs and innovations in support of development goals can be improved.

Chapter 3: Emerging innovation systems in developing countries: Bolivia, Vietnam, Tanzania and Mozambique

Claes Brundenius, Carlos Aguirre-Bastos, Tran Ngoc Ca, Bitrina Diyamett and Maximiano Dgedge

Subjects: development studies, development economics, economics and finance, development economics, economics of innovation, innovation and technology, economics of innovation


The national innovation system is an open, evolving and complex system that encompasses relationships within and between organizations, institutions and socio-economic structures which determine the rate and direction of innovation and competence-building emanating from science and experience-based learning. (Lundvall et al., 2009b, p. 6) The concept of the national innovation system has become a powerful tool in understanding and analysing the role of science, technology and innovation (STI) in growth and development. This chapter traces the roots of the concept of the national innovation system and describes how it has emerged in the four case countries, Bolivia, Vietnam, Tanzania and Mozambique.

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