Making Research and Innovation in Developing Countries Matter
Edited by Bo Göransson, Claes Brundenius and Carlos Aguirre-Bastos
Chapter 4: The national innovation system in Bolivia and its relevance for development
For several years, large numbers of research projects have been executed in developing countries, with the aim to utilize the results for informing and influencing policy or to obtain social and economic innovations that could lead to economic growth and the improvement of the quality of life of their societies. Later, emphasis has been placed on the use of research results for inclusive development. A large number of studies have also been dedicated to study socio-economic processes, including science, technology and innovation (STI) to evaluate the effects of policy interventions. Different studies (Aguirre-Bastos et al., 2010; Carden, 2009) show the difficulties that developing countries have in using research outputs for policy making. The former study shows that what is normally lacking is an explicit strategy for achieving policy influence, embedded across all projects as a standard consideration in their design. It is also verified that when policy analysis is carried out, it is typically concentrated on a set of issues related only to the project’s core interest, without attention paid to the fact that often fundamentally important policies are spread across sectors, and rest on implicit rather than explicit assumptions about what promotes research and innovation.
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