Innovation Systems for Development

Innovation Systems for Development

Making Research and Innovation in Developing Countries Matter

Edited by Bo Göransson, Claes Brundenius and Carlos Aguirre-Bastos

The rise and expansion of organized scientific research has led individuals to become accustomed to an unceasing delivery of new scientific results and technical improvements that resolve even seemingly unsolvable problems. This timely book examines how science-based research and innovation is designed, implemented and applied in developing countries in support of development and poverty alleviation. The expert contributors trace and compare the emergence of national innovation systems (NIS) in four developing countries – Bolivia, Mozambique, Tanzania and Vietnam. Dedicated chapters on each country identify the main structural and organizational problems for improving the relevance and quality of research output for the productive sector, and conclude by offering suggestions on how the process of applying research outputs and innovations in support of development goals can be improved.

Chapter 6: The national innovation system in Tanzania and its relevance for development

Bitrina Diyamett, Heric Thomas, Lanta Daniel, Justine Liberio and Carlos Aguirre-Bastos

Subjects: development studies, development economics, economics and finance, development economics, economics of innovation, innovation and technology, economics of innovation


Ideally, research outputs lead to the build-up of a knowledge pool from where they are drawn to inform policy and/or be applied to social, economic or environmental developments. In this book, ‘Closing the Loop’ is an approach that has been used to analyse how far the outputs produced or adapted by the national innovation systems are actually used by policy makers and/or socio-economic agents in developing countries. In most developing countries the ‘Closing the loop’ process is poorly understood or applied, although it is rhetorically claimed in all national science, technology and innovation policies. This chapter analyses the case of Tanzania. The study focuses on the agriculture and health sector systems of innovation, as they contribute particularly to inclusive development.

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