The Political Economy of WTO Implementation and China’s Approach to Litigation in the WTO

The Political Economy of WTO Implementation and China’s Approach to Litigation in the WTO

Yenkong Ngangjoh Hodu and Zhang Qi

The concept of compliance of World Trade Organization law as part of international economic law is examined in this discerning book. The issue of compliance is examined through a broad perspective, considering the key conceptual issues which continue to dominate debate around contemporary world trade rule-making. In view of China's in shaping the political economy of the world trading system, this book places discussion within context of Chinese Confucian values

Chapter 6: China and WTO law: from accession negotiations to current commitments

Yenkong Ngangjoh Hodu and Zhang Qi

Subjects: asian studies, asian law, law - academic, asian law, international economic law, trade law


In this section, we discuss the sequence of events with regard to China’s bid to join the WTO. The analyses capture the history of China’s interaction with the ill-fated ITO and how it sought participation in the GATT and eventual accession to the WTO in 2001. More crucial here is the challenges that China has faced while seeking membership of the WTO. Obviously, these challenges have also shaped the thinking of China on compliance with the global trade rules. After the Second World War, the United Kingdom and the United States submitted proposals to the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations (UN) regarding the establishment of an international trade body that was to be named the International Trade Organization (ITO). In 1946, ECOSOC convened the UN Conference on Trade and Employment to consider the UK and US proposals. A Preparatory Committee drafted the ITO Charter and it was approved in 1948 at the conference in Havana, Cuba. The Charter is often referred to as the Havana Charter or the ITO Charter. The content of the ITO Charter was incorporated into the General Agreement, which was signed in 1947.

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