China began to open its doors to business with Western nations around the 1840s. Since that time the West’s precedence over China in natural and social sciences has resulted in a limited drive for the West to study Chinese strategy – or anything else, for that matter. After three decades of economic reform and development, under Deng Xiaoping’s policies and principles, China has gradually emerged to become a global power and a leading challenger of the West in many areas, talking about the ‘Chinese Dream’, with an emphasis on national rejuvenation. There is now a realisation that the knowledge and understanding of China by Western policy makers, business leaders and academics has been either inadequate or wide of the mark. Understanding Chinese strategy has become imperative.