Table of Contents

Handbook of Research on Fair Trade

Handbook of Research on Fair Trade

Edited by Laura T. Raynolds and Elizabeth A. Bennett

Fair trade critiques the historical inequalities inherent in international trade and seeks to promote social justice by creating alternative networks linking marginalized producers (typically in the global South) with progressive consumers (typically in the global North). The first of its kind, this volume brings together 43 of the foremost fair trade scholars from around the world and across the social sciences. The Handbook serves as both a comprehensive overview and in-depth guide to dominant perspectives and concerns. Chapters analyze the rapidly growing fair trade movement and market, exploring diverse initiatives and organizations, production and consumption regions, and food and cultural products. Written for those new to fair trade as well as those well versed in this domain, the Handbook is an invaluable resource for scholars and practitioners interested in global regulation, multi-stakeholder initiatives, social and environmental certification, ethical labeling, consumer activism, and international development.

Chapter 26: Fair trade and artisans

Mary A. Littrell

Subjects: development studies, agricultural economics, development economics, development studies, economics and finance, agricultural economics, development economics, international economics, political economy, environment, agricultural economics, politics and public policy, human rights, political economy, regulation and governance


‘Our hands are our future’ conveys artisans’ hopes to secure sustainable markets for their handcrafts. When asked what they needed most, artisans respond, ‘more work so we can give our children a better life’. Together these statements express artisans’ dreams and apprehension as they enter a global marketplace where their handmade products must compete with inexpensive manufactured goods. Artisans draw on their technical expertise, aesthetic norms and design languages to create objects of great beauty and practical use – textiles, ceramics, baskets, wood items and metal ware. In this chapter I examine how artisans’ cultural heritage fares under the artisan sector of the fair trade model. Maureen Liebl and Tirthankar Roy (2004, 67), long-time participants in craft development, concluded that no traditional craft skill can survive unless it has a viable market. Does the fair trade market offer hope to artisans for generating sustainable income and for reaching their social goals in a world of globalization? In the first section, I describe the context in which fair trade artisans work and explain the challenges they face. In the second section, I present two case studies that illuminate how fair trade artisan groups are tackling these challenges and achieving desired trade and socio-economic benefits. One case offers insight into how a 28-year-old fair trade organization flexibly evolved into a high-impact enterprise, while working within the cultural context of artisans’ daily lives.

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