Frameworks and Policy Applications in Freight and Passenger Transport
Comparative Perspectives on Transportation Security series
Edited by Joseph S. Szyliowicz, Luca Zamparini, Genserik L.L. Reniers and Dawna L. Rhoades
The forms of passenger transport analysed in publications and research reports are most frequently described by two notions – as multimodal transport and intermodal transport. It should be determined if there is any difference and what the difference is between these two terms. As far as the transport of goods is concerned the essence of these terms has already been set while in case of passenger transport quite substantial freedom of interpretation has been observed. The view that these terms are synonyms cannot be accepted (see Bockstael-Blok, 2001), nor can the idea that one notion is more popular in use in the US while the other in Europe. The majority of publications and Internet sources contain the statement underlying the difference in the essence of the two analysed modes of transport. The observation that the difference between these two terms lies in the fact that the multimodal term refers to passenger transport while intermodality refers to freight transport is a moot point (Sitran et al., 2011). In the case of freight transport Glossary for Transport Statistics confirms clearly that intermodal transport is a special type of multimodal transport.1 Although there is no similar official interpretation referring to passenger transport one can assume that also in this case the relationship between these two terms is similar.
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