Table of Contents

Multimodal Transport Security

Multimodal Transport Security

Frameworks and Policy Applications in Freight and Passenger Transport

Comparative Perspectives on Transportation Security series

Edited by Joseph S. Szyliowicz, Luca Zamparini, Genserik L.L. Reniers and Dawna L. Rhoades

The rapid growth of multimodal (intermodal) passenger and freight has created dangerous new security issues. This book addresses these issues with a multidisciplinary perspective. The evolution of policies and the organization of practices in several key countries are also described in depth. By analysing the similarities and differences in these priorities, frameworks and policies, this work identifies relevant benchmarks and best practices. It will be relevant for scholars, practitioners, and policy makers across a wide range of fields.

Chapter 13: Economic and policy issues in multimodal passenger transport security

Luca Zamparini

Subjects: environment, transport, politics and public policy, terrorism and security, urban and regional studies, transport

Extract

The years following the events of 9/11 have been marked by a raised interest in transportation security from both researchers and public administrations. Several programs and initiatives have tackled the security dimension of transportation for virtually all modes. However, it must be emphasized that fewer analyses have been devoted to multimodal passenger transport with respect to freight transport. This has happened despite the fact that multimodal passenger transport systems may be a likely target for potential terrorists, given that their hubs normally concentrate a large amount of people on predictable days and at predictable times, as became tragically clear in March 2004 at the Madrid railway stations of Atocha, El Pozo del Tio Raimundo, Santa Eugenia and Calle Telez where concurrent terrorist bombings killed 191 people and wounded almost 1800. Moreover, the intermodal nature of these hubs may generate weaknesses due to the different security protocols that are deployed in the various transport modes (i.e. the degree of security that characterizes the railway or metro stations that adjoin an airport may be different, and, most probably, lower to that arranged within the airport). It must also be considered that multimodal systems emerge as economically feasible only if there is the possibility to take advantage of a critical mass and thus to move many people on the same vector in the main arcs of the system.

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