Table of Contents

Multimodal Transport Security

Multimodal Transport Security

Frameworks and Policy Applications in Freight and Passenger Transport

Comparative Perspectives on Transportation Security series

Edited by Joseph S. Szyliowicz, Luca Zamparini, Genserik L.L. Reniers and Dawna L. Rhoades

The rapid growth of multimodal (intermodal) passenger and freight has created dangerous new security issues. This book addresses these issues with a multidisciplinary perspective. The evolution of policies and the organization of practices in several key countries are also described in depth. By analysing the similarities and differences in these priorities, frameworks and policies, this work identifies relevant benchmarks and best practices. It will be relevant for scholars, practitioners, and policy makers across a wide range of fields.

Chapter 18: Multimodal passenger transportation security in Brazil

Dawna L. Rhoades

Subjects: environment, transport, politics and public policy, terrorism and security, urban and regional studies, transport


As one of the rapidly growing developing nations in the so-called BRIC group, Brazil is often overshadowed by the more populous India and China. Yet, Brazil ranks fifth in the world in both population and landmass (CIA Factbook, 2013). Further, it faces far fewer strategic international security threats than the other BRICS; it currently has no border conflicts like the Indian–Pakistani ‘war’ with its neighbors, nor is it facing any internal insurgencies like the Chechnyan threat to Russia or the Maoist threat in Nepal and northeast India. None of Brazil’s near neighbors is a nuclear threat or likely to be in the foreseeable future. It is also rich in natural resources (Stuenkel, 2010). In a time of rising fuel prices, Brazil is virtually energy independent, exporting roughly as much oil as it imports and continuing to increase its production of ethanol made from sugar cane (Reel, 2006). Recent offshore oil finds could make Brazil the fourth-largest oil producing nation in the world by 2020 (Romero, 2011). In short, Brazil is well-positioned to be a key player in its region and the world in the twenty-first century. Brazil will host the World Cup competition in 2014 and the Summer Olympic Games in 2016.

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