Studies in Islamic Finance, Accounting and Governance series
The primary vision of Islam in this world, as clearly enunciated by the Qur’an, is to be a ‘blessing for mankind’ (21:107). A number of Qur’anic verses, three of which have been quoted above, elaborate further the different aspects of this same vision. They emphasize the imperative of not only establishing justice and removing oppression but also uplifting the condition of the downtrodden to enable them to lead a more productive life that could help them become firmly established in this world as leaders and their successors. This is necessary not only to ensure social harmony and long-lasting peace in this world but also to vindicate three of the other most fundamental principles of the Islamic worldview. One of these three principles is that all human beings, irrespective of their race, wealth, position, sex, age or nationality, are members of a single human family (ummah wahidah) as a result of their being created by the One and Only God and being offsprings of the same parents, Adam and Eve (al-Qur’an, 2:213 and 10:19). They are, thus, brothers and sisters with respect to each other and must, therefore, treat everyone fairly and caringly without any discrimination. The second principle is that they are also khalifahs or vicegerents of God on earth (al-Qur’an, 2:30). While being the khalifahs of the Creator of this universe is undoubtedly a great honour, it is also an immense responsibility.