Chapter 8: Migration and development: the Indian experience
India has always been a treasure land for scholars working on migration because of its centuries-old legacy of moving beyond boundaries in search of fortune. Migration is a phenomenon as old as human civilization itself and has undergone tremendous changes from time to time. India is the best source for understanding the intricacies involved with human mobility because of the variety of trends it exhibits from North to South. Migration and development are synonymous in this nation, where remittances form the building blocks of prosperity. With global economic transformations, internal economic reforms and the socio-political ambiance across the globe, migration patterns tend to change sometimes for good and sometimes with hard setbacks. Still, given all this, India is among the top human resource exporters in the world. That migration is an engine of development has been accepted by economists across the world and a clear understanding of its details is essential in order to reap its best benefits. The chapter examines the most recent statistics and findings on Indian trends of migration and its impact on development by analysing mutable sources in terms of emigration stock and remittances, and includes a special focus on Kerala, the historic migrants’ hub of India, which can clearly explain the patterns and trends of migration due to global circumstances.
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