Chapter 11: When virtues become vices: the Achilles’ heel of migration social policy
Coercion is generally understood to refer to the practice of inducing or preventing changes in political behavior through the use of threats, intimidation or some other form of pressure – most commonly military force. This chapter focuses on a very particular non-military method of applying coercive pressure: namely, the use of migration and refugee crises as instruments of persuasion, especially against liberal democratic targets. Although conventional wisdom suggests this kind of coercion is rare at best, and traditional international relations theory avers that it should rarely succeed, as I will illustrate in the pages that follow, not only is this kind of coercion attempted far more frequently than the accepted wisdom would suggest, but it also tends to succeed far more often than capabilities-based theories would predict. I begin by outlining the logic behind the coercive use of purposefully created migration and refugee crises. I then briefly describe the kinds of actors who resort to the use of this unconventional weapon and why. In the section that follows, I highlight the diverse array of objectives sought by those who employ this kind of coercion and also show that it has proven relatively successful, particularly against liberal democratic targets.
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.