Chapter 13: ‘Securitizing’ immigration in Europe: sending them the same (old) message, getting the same (old) reply?
Those whom the gods wish to destroy, they first make mad. We must be mad, literally mad, as a nation to be permitting the annual inflow of some 50,000 [immigrants’] dependants . . . It is like watching a nation busily engaged in heaping up its own funeral pyre. British politician, Enoch Powell (1968) During the 1950s and the 1960s . . . Western European states recruited large numbers of immigrants for economic purposes without triggering any of the security concerns that characterize the current debate on immigration. van Munster (2009: 1) As I have observed elsewhere (Messina 2014), few subjects within the ever-expanding field of immigration studies have inspired more scholarship during the past decade or so than the ‘securitization of immigration’ (Bilgic 2013; Buonfino 2004; Burgess and Gutwirth 2011; Chebel d’Appollonia 2012; Croft 2012; Diez and Squire 2008; Faist 2006; Freedman 2004; Ginsburg 2010; Guild 2009; Huysmans 2006; Kaya 2012; Lianos 2013; Ross 2004; Rudolph 2006; van Munster 2009; Watson 2009; White 2012). What does this phrase mean? According to the Copenhagen School of Security Studies, securitization is a process by which ostensibly non-security issues, such as immigration, are transformed into urgent security concerns as a consequence of securitizing speech acts.
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