Migration and cultural diversity are intertwined phenomena. Following several decades of growing numbers of immigrants in the developed world, the populations of host countries have become more diverse: culturally, socio-economically, but also spatially. This transformation has been particularly prominent in Europe. During the last three decades, the foreign-born population in Europe has increased more than in any other part of the world. While migrants from some backgrounds adopt the dominant culture of the host society quickly, others maintain the culture of their home country and pass this on to their children and subsequent generations. Aspects of foreign cultures are also adopted by the host population and people may feel individually attached to several cultures. Moreover, cultures are never static but evolve and adjust in migrants’ countries of origin and countries of destination. The issue of cultural diversity has in recent years prompted a wealth of scientific research, both conceptually and empirically. In our ‘age of migration’ we observe interesting distinct patterns of living, working, communicating, bonding and other behavior among and between different cultural groups.
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