A Comparative Analysis of Advertising and Food Safety
Private Regulation series
Chapter 1: Introduction: transnational private regulation and the challenge of enforcement
Transnational private regulation has increasingly been recognised as a significant aspect of regulatory governance. Across a multitude of policy domains private, non-state actors have deployed their capacities to regulate business activities between and across jurisdictions. They have done so either in the absence of or in coordination with international governance arrangements involving states. This development, which is widely associated with processes of globalisation, adds to an ever more complicated picture of governance, one in which state and non-state actors interact in ‘complex, fluid and multi-dimensional’ ways. Indeed, the capacity to steer and influence transnational business is dispersed among public and private actors, resulting in a transnational regulatory space that is occupied by states, firms and non-governmental organisations (NGOs).