Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Global Economy

Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Global Economy

Knowledge, Technology and Internationalization

New Horizons in Regional Science series

Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Urban Gråsjö and Sofia Wixe

Innovation and entrepreneurship are the prime drivers in the global economy. This scholarly book identifies some of the key forces behind innovation and entrepreneurship at the same time as it closes the gap between science and technology R & D, innovation, entrepreneurship, productivity growth, and internationalization. The expert contributions explore the underlying forces and add substantial theoretical and empirical knowledge to the current state-of-the-art in several research fields including the economics of innovation and entrepreneurship, regional economics, economic geography and international economics.

Chapter 1: R & D investments and firm survival across regions

María Jesús Abellán Madrid, Antonio García-Tabuenca and Cristina Suárez Gálvez

Subjects: business and management, entrepreneurship, economics and finance, economics of entrepreneurship, economics of innovation, regional economics, geography, economic geography, innovation and technology, economics of innovation, urban and regional studies, regional economics


Innovation is a key factor in modern economies and many companies invest in R & D to obtain such innovations, with both public and private resources. The objective is to achieve and increase productivity and economic growth, but it could also provide a guarantee of long-run performance. The present work explores the relationship between R & D and firm survival. The hypothesis that R & D activity is a positive factor for firm survival is contrasted using data from the Encuesta Sobre Estrategias Empresariales (ESEE – Business Strategies Survey) for the period 1991–2010 and for a sample of Spanish manufacturing firms. With these data, a Cox proportional hazard model is estimated. The results show the existence of a positive relationship between R & D expenditure and survival probability, with differences depending on the environment. Specifically, we show that increasing the ratio of R & D to turnover lowers exit probability, controlling for other factors. The different environments are defined as combinations of both technological (or not) regions and sectors in which firms operate.