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China, the European Union and the Developing World

China, the European Union and the Developing World

A Triangular Relationship

Leuven Global Governance series

Edited by Jan Wouters, Jean-Christophe Defraigne and Matthieu Burnay

China, the European Union and the Developing World provides a comparative analysis of Chinese and EU influence across five different regions of the developing world: Asia-Pacific; South and Central Asia; the Middle East and North Africa; Sub-Saharan Africa; and Latin America. While there is broad acknowledgement that the importance of China is rising across the developing world, this book offers a comprehensive and comparative account of the relative increase of the Chinese presence in the various different regions. It highlights its impact on the relationship between the EU and the developing world regions and shows how the rise of China affects the relations between these regions and Europe.

Chapter 2: How important is Northeast Asia for China and the EU? Economic convergence, geopolitical divergence

Elena Atanassova-Cornelis

Subjects: asian studies, asian law, asian politics and policy, development studies, law and development, law - academic, asian law, european law, law and development, regulation and governance, politics and public policy, asian politics, european politics and policy, international relations, regulation and governance


This chapter provides a comparative analysis of the economic and geopolitical importance of Northeast Asia – defined here as comprising China, Taiwan, Japan and the Korean Peninsula – for the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the European Union (EU), respectively. China’s core interests are located in Northeast Asia. The Taiwan issue remains unresolved, despite the deepening economic and social ties with the island since 2008. The disputed Diaoyu islands remain under Japanese control, and the escalation of tensions with Tokyo since 2010 appears to be providing yet another reason for Japan to reinforce its military alliance with the US. South Korea, too, has placed more emphasis on its relations with America in recent years, while the ‘conditional engagement’ approach toward North Korea embraced by both Seoul and Washington has diverged from Beijing’s strategy that focuses primarily on avoiding instability on the Korean Peninsula.

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