Table of Contents

Environmental Enforcement Networks

Environmental Enforcement Networks

Concepts, Implementation and Effectiveness

New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series

Edited by Michael Faure, Peter De Smedt and An Stas

Compliance and enforcement is a fundamental issue within environmental law. But despite its pertinence, it is an area that has been neglected in academic research. Addressing this gap, this timely book considers the circumstances under which networking can increase the effectiveness of environmental enforcement.

Chapter 4: The role of networks in ensuring compliance and strengthening coordination: a comparative analysis on INECE, ECENA, RENA and REC Turkey

Zerrin Savaşan

Subjects: environment, energy policy and regulation, environmental governance and regulation, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law


The compliance issue has turned out to be one of the major concerns for global environmental governance (GEG) in both international environmental law (IEL) and international environmental politics (IEP) in recent decades. To illustrate, the need to strengthen compliance has been precisely stressed in Agenda 21 (chapter 8, para. 21; chapter 39, para. 9) as a response to effective governance of environmental problems. Agenda 21 is currently a soft-law document, it has no binding effect in international law. However, when the efforts to create an all-encompassing UN Treaty – the Draft International Covenant on Environment and Development which contains provisions for reporting, compliance mechanisms and dispute-settlement mechanisms (Articles 67, 68, 69) – are taken into account, its soft-law recommendations become more important. This is particularly because this draft Covenant aims not only to consolidate existing legal principles related to the environment and development, but also to convert Agenda 21’s soft-law recommendations into legally binding hard international law.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information