Concepts, Implementation and Effectiveness
New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series
Edited by Michael Faure, Peter De Smedt and An Stas
Chapter 9: Countering transnational organized wildlife crime: regional and sub-regional initiatives, global responses and the need for more effective coordination
The international character of transnational organized crime makes it difficult to understand and effectively deal with such crimes at the national level only: since crime is global, purely national responses are inadequate. Responses must therefore be based on international or bilateral cooperation as countries cannot effectively deal with transnational organized crime unilaterally. A proportion of such cooperation is created by what Bowling refers to as new forms of cooperation in the form of initiatives at the regional, sub-regional or global level. Such initiatives have emerged to assist countries to combat transnational crime by encouraging them to work together at the international, regional or sub-regional levels. This is particularly the case when the commodity that is illegally traded are protected species.