Table of Contents

Environmental Enforcement Networks

Environmental Enforcement Networks

Concepts, Implementation and Effectiveness

New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series

Edited by Michael Faure, Peter De Smedt and An Stas

Compliance and enforcement is a fundamental issue within environmental law. But despite its pertinence, it is an area that has been neglected in academic research. Addressing this gap, this timely book considers the circumstances under which networking can increase the effectiveness of environmental enforcement.

Chapter 10: Can supervision and enforcement networks make self-regulation work?

Martin de Bree, Han de Haas and Paul Meerman

Subjects: environment, energy policy and regulation, environmental governance and regulation, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law


Risk control is needed to be able to prevent certain activities from harming the environment. However, who is primarily responsible for risk control is subject to discussion. A number of different parties are involved in this discussion, in the first place the company and various inspection organizations. But also stakeholders like nearby residents, environmental pressure groups and labour organizations. If politicians see a particular problem in society which is not expected to be solved spontaneously, regulation is a very popular response. This phenomenon, known as the risk regulation reflex of incident regulation reflex (Wetenschappelijke Raad voor het Regeringsbeleid 2013), is especially strong if an incident occurs.

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