Table of Contents

Environmental Enforcement Networks

Environmental Enforcement Networks

Concepts, Implementation and Effectiveness

New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series

Edited by Michael Faure, Peter De Smedt and An Stas

Compliance and enforcement is a fundamental issue within environmental law. But despite its pertinence, it is an area that has been neglected in academic research. Addressing this gap, this timely book considers the circumstances under which networking can increase the effectiveness of environmental enforcement.

Chapter 12: Huntington geographic enforcement/compliance initiative: a case study in multi-organisation networking and collaboration

Eugène Lubieniecki

Subjects: environment, energy policy and regulation, environmental governance and regulation, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law


The Port of Huntington (Port) is the largest inland port in the United States (US), both in terms of total tonnage as well as ton-miles of cargo transported. The Port boundary includes about 200 river miles taking in portions of the Ohio River and the Kanawha and Big Sandy Rivers (Figure 12.1). There is a relatively high concentration of heavy industry and various associated pollution issues within the Port. The Port is unlike most US ports. No central authority manages the port; it is composed of individually operated port districts and authorities, terminal operators and shippers. The Port is also unique in that operations occur within three different states: West Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio. Additionally, three different EPA Regions (Regions 3, 4 and 5) share environmental jurisdiction over the Port. The US Coast Guard (USCG), US Army Corps of Engineers, and US Fish and Wildlife Service also have federal oversight for environmental protection within the Port.

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