Table of Contents

Environmental Enforcement Networks

Environmental Enforcement Networks

Concepts, Implementation and Effectiveness

New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series

Edited by Michael Faure, Peter De Smedt and An Stas

Compliance and enforcement is a fundamental issue within environmental law. But despite its pertinence, it is an area that has been neglected in academic research. Addressing this gap, this timely book considers the circumstances under which networking can increase the effectiveness of environmental enforcement.

Chapter 15: North American working group on environmental enforcement and compliance cooperation: moving from capacity building to operational activities

Deborah Kopsick and Susan Elizabeth Bromm

Subjects: environment, energy policy and regulation, environmental governance and regulation, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law


The main goal of North American Free Trade Agreement is to facilitate trade among Canada, Mexico and the United States. During the negotiation of the treaty, there were concerns expressed that increased competition would lead to a ‘race to the bottom’, with pollution-generating companies seeking areas with the lowest wages and the lowest environmental protection requirements. Environmental organizations in the United States launched a campaign to have environmental protection included in the treaty and the North American Free Trade Agreement was only put into force after a trilateral agreement to protect the environment was included. Bromm (2011) provides a detailed account of the development and negotiation of the NAFTA and the environmental side agreement.

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information