Table of Contents

Environmental Enforcement Networks

Environmental Enforcement Networks

Concepts, Implementation and Effectiveness

New Horizons in Environmental and Energy Law series

Edited by Michael Faure, Peter De Smedt and An Stas

Compliance and enforcement is a fundamental issue within environmental law. But despite its pertinence, it is an area that has been neglected in academic research. Addressing this gap, this timely book considers the circumstances under which networking can increase the effectiveness of environmental enforcement.

Chapter 18: Environmental inspections and environmental compliance assurance networks in the context of European Union environment policy

Miroslav Angelov and Liam Cashman

Subjects: environment, energy policy and regulation, environmental governance and regulation, environmental law, law - academic, environmental law


Environmental inspections are not an end in themselves but an indispensable means of ensuring compliance with environmental rules. Two other activities serve the same aim: compliance promotion, which involves helping duty-holders to comply, and enforcement, which involves holding non-compliant duty-holders to account. Collectively, these three activities make up ‘compliance assurance’. In practice, they are often interconnected, forming a ‘compliance assurance chain’ that links the work of professionals such as inspectors, prosecutors and judges. This paper looks at the evolving approach to environmental inspections within the European Union (‘Union’) as well as the role of networks of professionals (‘compliance assurance networks’) across the compliance assurance chain.

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