Institutions, Policies and Challenges
Edited by Normann Witzleb, Alfonso Martínez Arranz and Pascaline Winand Winand
Chapter 12: Continental drift: the transatlantic divide over international security
In the post-Cold War era, a multi-track European Union (EU) has emerged, comprising proponents of US power, opponents of US unilateralism and uncommitted neutrals. There is a growing consensus that a renewal of the transatlantic partnership is critical to the future of both Europe and the US. This chapter provides an analysis of transatlantic relations during the Bush II and Obama presidencies. It asserts that, although relations have improved, significant foreign policy differences persist between the North Atlantic partners, and that pronounced divisions between the EU partners have emerged that threaten to fragment not only the EU’s CFSP, but also jeopardize NATO’s ability to act operationally in a unified, coherent manner.
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