Research Handbooks in Climate Law series
Edited by Christina Voigt
Chapter 3: The institutional complex for REDD+: a ‘benevolent jigsaw’?
Officially situated under the umbrella of the UNFCCC, REDD+ is of undeniable relevance to a host of other international legal regimes, including those for human rights, biological diversity and trade. All of these regimes, like REDD+, interact with the diverse drivers and impacts of deforestation. The emergence of REDD+ further needs to be viewed in the context of several decades of developments in international forest law and governance. And while public international law continues to develop as a mosaic of overlapping legal instruments, a range of new transnational public, private and public–private governance arrangements have started to fill gaps by setting standards, financing and helping to put REDD+ in practice. These various international legal instruments and transnational governance arrangements both influence, and are impacted by, rule development on REDD+ under the UNFCCC, giving rise to two overarching questions. The first question is whether the outcomes of such interactions can be viewed as synergetic, with the resulting legal system forming a ‘benevolent jigsaw’, or whether they lead to a situation of ‘conflictive fragmentation’. Second, to the extent that the implications of institutional complexity can be seen as negative, the question arises to what extent states and non-state actors can do something about it.
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