Research Handbooks in Climate Law series
Edited by Christina Voigt
Chapter 8: Addressing drivers of deforestation and forest degradation through international law
The reduction of deforestation depends on national commitment and effective policies in tropical countries that address drivers of deforestation. Forest conversion and exploitation are driven by global demand for commodities from forest regions, local and subsistence agriculture, fuel wood extraction and infrastructure development. In addition to these direct drivers, deforestation is also linked to indirect drivers. These indirect forces include international and national processes that influence human activities, such as changes in economic growth, population growth, commodity prices, diet shifts or technological change. Accountability for reducing the impacts of economic production and trade of products generated on tropical forest lands is shared by all actors across the supply chains, from farmers to processors, traders, retailers and consumers. In addition, the legislators and policy makers are called upon to provide a policy environment that is conducive to forest conservation and sustainable land use. To address deforestation drivers, measures will need to be taken at the local, national or international level depending on where the driving factors operate.
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